graft: Install and Configure package management

Graft is a great little tool for package management on UNIX systems such as Linux. The tool itself allows you to keep a package isolated in it’s own directory, and uses symlinks to combine them in with the rest of the operating system.

An example would be a new tool that has one binary and one shared library:


Using the graft tool, we can install the binary and the library in with the rest of our OS using a simple command like:

graft -i /usr/local/PACKAGES/somenewtool-1.0

With the appropriate configuration, this would create these symlinks:

/usr/local/bin/newtool -> /usr/local/PACKAGES/somenewtool-1.0/bin/newtool
/usr/local/lib/ -> /usr/local/PACKAGES/somenewtool-1.0/lib/

Removing these symlinks is also really simple like this:

graft -d /usr/local/PACKAGES/somenewtool-1.0

Now you can see the usefulness of this tool to remove one version, and install a new one. Anyway, let’s look at the install process for graft.

1) Setup environment

mkdir -p /usr/local/PACKAGES
mkdir -p /usr/local/PKG_BUILD
cd /usr/local/PKG_BUILD

2) Download and Install Graft

Graft can be found at:

tar -xvzf graft-2.4.tar.gz
cd graft-2.4
make -f Makefile.dist

edit the Makefile file and change these lines:
TARGETDIR = /usr/local
PERL = /usr/bin/perl

Now let’s make it:

make install
/usr/local/PACKAGES/graft-2.4/bin/graft -i /usr/local/PACKAGES/graft-2.4

And that’s it! Graft is now installed (in fact we just used it to install itself!). Now to get the most out of graft, I recommend adding the line “/usr/local/lib” into your /etc/ file, and running “ldconfig”.

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